Selenium Java Tutorial — Class Name Locator In Selenium | LambdaTest

Image for post
Image for post

CSS Locator in Selenium is one of the most important aspects of writing a script. If you cannot locate an element by using any CSS locator in Selenium, then being proficient at Selenium automation will be a tough task. Selenium provides multiple ways of locating an element.

You can check out other articles around different CSS locator in Selenium that helps in locating elements through various ways:

If you are an advanced or medium Selenium Java practitioner, then you can chuck on dedicated articles mentioned above. I have written a complete guide to help you illustrate the practical demonstration of CSS locator in Selenium.

In this Selenium Java tutorial, I will be referencing on Class name locator in Selenium to demonstrate how to locate an element on a webpage via class name.

Getting Started With Class Name Locator In Selenium With Example

Next, in this Selenium Java tutorial, we will consider the scenario of Airbnb, where we intend to locate the ‘Where’ field in the search form of Airbnb homepage via class name. Below is a screenshot of Airbnb page where we inspect the ‘Where’ field in the form.
image:

Image for post
Image for post

InIn order use Class name locator in Selenium we need to use the below syntax:
findElement(By.className("_up0kwni "))

Now, let’s look into the code for finding elements by Class name in locators:

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
public class ClassNameLocator {public static void main(String[] args) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub

System.setProperty(“webdriver.chrome.driver”, “.\\ChromeDriver\\chromedriver.exe”);
WebDriver driver=new ChromeDriver();
driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(20, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

driver.manage().window().maximize();

//Opening the air bnb home page
driver.get(“https://www.airbnb.co.in/”);

//Locating location field for the search form via class name
driver.findElement(By.className(“_up0kwni”)).sendKeys(“Goa”, Keys.ENTER);
//Locating check-in field for the search form via class name
driver.findElement(By.className(“_14fdu48d”)).click();

//Locating the date 12th June for check-in field
driver.findElement(By.className(“_1wh4xpp1”)).click();

//closing the driver
driver.quit();
}}

Pretty simple, isn’t it? In the upcoming session of this Java Selenium tutorial, we will learn how to handle a common exception for class name locator in Selenium.

RUN JAVA TESTS In Parallel ON SELENIUM GRID

2000+ Browsers AND OS

FREE SIGNUP

One Of The Most Common Exceptions For Class Name Locator In Selenium

Another interesting fact and a popular error you may come across while using Class name locator in Selenium would be something like:

Image for post
Image for post

I am sure, you may have come across this error. Let’s try to incorporate this scenario in the below code snippet for the Facebook sign up page. Below is the DOM structure for facebook ‘first name’ field with class name attribute highlighted below:

Image for post
Image for post

Referenced code snippet, trying to access the first name field using the class name locator in Selenium:

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.Keys;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
public class ClassNameLocator {public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub

System.setProperty(“webdriver.chrome.driver”, “.\\ChromeDriver\\chromedriver.exe”);
WebDriver driver=new ChromeDriver();
driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(20, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

driver.manage().window().maximize();

//Opening the air bnb home page
driver.get(“https://www.facebook.com/”);

//Locating by firstname via class name
driver.findElement(By.className(“inputtext _58mg _5dba _2ph-”)).sendKeys(“Sadhvi”);


//closing the driver
driver.quit();
}}

Referenced Console error below:

Image for post
Image for post

How to handle this error? Well, Selenium considers this as a compound class, which means more than one classes marked through spaces. So, any class name with spaces in it will be considered two or three or more classes.

In this case, this class name marked as ‘input text _58mg _5dba _2ph-’ contains three spaces thereby making it three different classes. Hence, Selenium mentions the error stating it cannot find multiple classes together. In this case, you can opt to locate element by CSS selector in Selenium or by XPath in Selenium using the class name attribute. The referenced code snippet below:

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.Keys;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
public class ClassNameLocator {public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub

System.setProperty(“webdriver.chrome.driver”, “.\\ChromeDriver\\chromedriver.exe”);
WebDriver driver=new ChromeDriver();
driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(20, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

driver.manage().window().maximize();

//Opening the facebook home page
driver.get(“https://www.facebook.com/”);

//Locating by firstname via class name
driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//input[@class=’inputtext _58mg _5dba _2ph-’]”)).sendKeys(“Sadhvi”);


//closing the driver
driver.quit();
}}

How To Locate An Element When We Have Multiple Elements Sharing The Same Class Name?

Now you know when to use the class name and when you cannot use class names. But did you ever imagine the scenario when you have multiple elements sharing the same class name? How do you tackle that situation? This is again something, you can simply achieve by using the findElements keyword. All you need to do is, locate all elements with that class name using the findElements keyword and iterate through the required element class name via index. Having said so, I would rather suggest looking into an alternative method of locating that element rather than this. As its tendency of breaking will be pretty high and may lead to errors.

Example For Class Name Locator In Selenium For Multiple Elements With A Similar Class Name

Let’s consider the below example, highlighting the scenario above. In this case, we are considering the LinkedIn sign-up page, where all fields share the same class name. In this case, we need to note two important things:

  • If no, the index is defined, then by default selenium selects the first element it encounters with that class name. In the code snippet below, it locates the first element which is the first name:
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.Keys;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
public class ClassNameLocator {public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub

System.setProperty(“webdriver.chrome.driver”, “.\\ChromeDriver\\chromedriver.exe”);
WebDriver driver=new ChromeDriver();
driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(20, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

driver.manage().window().maximize();

//Opening the linkedin sign up home page
driver.get(“https://www.linkedin.com/start/join”);

//Locating by firstname via class name
driver.findElement(By.className(“cell-body-textinput”)).sendKeys(“Sadhvi”);


//closing the driver
driver.quit();
}}

Note: Take a look at the class name, which in this case is cell-body-text input, since it is not marked with spaces hence it is considered as a single class.

  • Locating the different elements with the same class name using index. The referenced snippet below:
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.Keys;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
public class ClassNameLocator {public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub

System.setProperty(“webdriver.chrome.driver”, “.\\ChromeDriver\\chromedriver.exe”);
WebDriver driver=new ChromeDriver();
driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(20, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

driver.manage().window().maximize();

//Opening the air bnb home page
driver.get(“https://www.linkedin.com/start/join”);

//Locating by firstname via class name
List<webelement> signUpForm=driver.findElements(By.className(“cell-body-textinput”));

//finding the number of elments with the same class name
int size=signUpForm.size();

System.out.print(size);

//locating the first name locator
signUpForm.get(0).sendKeys(“Sadhvi”);

//locating the last name locator
signUpForm.get(1).sendKeys(“Singh”);
//locating the email locator
signUpForm.get(2).sendKeys(“sadhvisingh24@gmail.com”);

//locating the password locator
signUpForm.get(3).sendKeys(“password”);


//closing the driver
//driver.quit();
}}</webelement>

Console output:

Image for post
Image for post

Bingo, you are good to go now. This was all about class name locator in Selenium.

What Did We Learn About Class Name Locator In Selenium?

Well, that was all for today’s Selenium Java tutorial for CSS locator in Selenium. I am sure by far you have developed a deep understanding on how to use the Class name locator in Selenium effectively. We came across the most common error across the implementation of Class name locator in Selenium. We also learned how to overcome complicated scenarios where multiple elements are sharing a similar class name. Adios, happy testing! 🙂

Originally published at LambdaTest

Author Sadhvi Singh

Image for post
Image for post

Written by

Product Growth at @lambdatesting (www.lambdatest.com)

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store