Modernization in software development means that there will be an advancement in the testing phase as well. For instance, Agile and DevOps are taking over in most areas of the testing. Furthermore, the testers are working in close coordination with the development team and Automation Testing. So, the software testers who are new to the market need to get accustomed to all the new elements introduced in the testing industry. For instance, a new developer has to be fast, innovative and must have the ability to find bugs that no one can notice. Thus, with just a basic knowledge of testing, you cannot survive in this world of Automation Testing. This article will discuss the main elements of the Test Automation Strategy that can help you succeed in this modern testing era.
1. Programming Languages
A tester who is accustomed to manual testing has very minimal knowledge about coding. In manual testing, limited experience in coding is not a significant issue. However, Automation Testing requires a fair bit of expertise in programming languages. For instance, you have to write the automation scripts that the system will use for the testing process.
There are various advantages of knowing programming languages. For instance, it will not only help you to write the test automation scripts but will also help you to coordinate with the development team. Furthermore, knowledge of programming languages can help you perform an in-depth analysis of your software’s base framework. The level of expertise you will need in programming languages will depend on your development team’s position and your plans as a developer in the future. The various aspects of Programming languages are:
- Designing the Framework
You must know about various programming languages such as Java, Python, C++, Runny, etc. However, you need to know the programming language that will depend on your project’s primary framework. For instance, if your software project’s main framework is based on Ruby, you must have the basic knowledge of Ruby.
- Creating the test scripts
Test scripts might need you to know about programming languages depending on your company’s software. For instance, if your company uses SpecFlow, you can write the script in plain English without worrying about any back-end logic. However, if your company uses QTP, you have to have an extensive idea about programming languages to write the automated testing script.
Thus, knowing Programming languages is one of the fundamental elements of Test Automation Strategy.
2. Excellent Manual testing Skills
Automation Testing is one of the most revolutionary features of the testing industry. However, an expert in this field would know that it is practically impossible to automate every testing process section. So, one of the vital Elements of Successful Strategy is to have excellent manual testing skills.
- Importance of Human Perspective
Automated testing helps to detect the problems in the source code and other technical areas. However, visual issues such as UI problems can be appropriately seen by a human. For instance, a human eye can easily detect anything that seems out of its place. So, the ability to look from a user’s perspective is essential in the testing of software.
- Loopholes in automated testing
Automated testing is indeed a gift from the advanced testing technologies. However, it is not perfect and is still capable of leaving loopholes. For instance, Automation Testing is just the result of a testing script, so there are many possibilities of bugs and errors in the hand. However, if you remove the complete dependency on the script and keep a watchful eye on the code execution, you can quickly solve it. Thus, you will find the areas where automated testing may report something as false positive and false negative in the report.
- Some tests are automatic
Various testing phases are just beyond the boundaries of automation. For instance, specific tests will require to put input in varying stages of the test. Thus, it becomes impossible to incorporate the ability to grant user inputs in an automation test script. So, an essential element of Test Automation Strategy is integrating manual testing within Automation Testing.
3. Experience in Automation Testing Tools
As we already discussed, the present IT world wants speed and quality from its developers, which means that a customer or stakeholder would expect you to develop and deliver high-quality software in minimal time — the prime reason behind the rapid growth of Automation Testing. As a tester and developer, every organization will expect you to know the vital Automation Testing tools. Let us take a look at some of these tools:
Selenium has become a household name in the world of Automation Testing due to its immense support for browser integration. It means that you can test your web applications from the browser with the help of Selenium. Additionally, with the introduction of Web Driver, Selenium ensures that even the freshers can use the excellent benefits of it.
LambdaTest is a cloud-based cross-browser testing platform and an online selenium grid that helps in both manual and automated browser compatibility testing. Users can perform live interactive testing of their website or web app on a combination of 2000+ different browsers and operating systems right from their own browser. In addition, the platform allows the users to run Selenium test automation on a scalable, secure, and reliable cloud-based Selenium grid and perform live interactive cross-browser testing of their public or locally hosted websites and web app on the cloud.
In this present era, people are using mobile devices at a higher rate, meaning that your web apps are accessed on mobile browsers. As a developer, you must ensure that users can enjoy the same seamless services on smartphones. Appium is an open-source Automation Testing tool for a mobile browser. It is compatible with Android, iOS, and Windows operating systems. So, if your company is involved with mobile web app development, you need to learn Appium.
- Soap UI
Soap UI helps you to automate the API testing in your software development. So, it would help if you learned about SOAP UI. Additionally, this tool has support for SOAP and REST services. Thus, a crucial part of Test Automation Strategy is to have an idea about this tool meant for functional testing.
4. Create an understanding of Business requirements
Before understanding this Test Automation Strategy, let us consider a real-life example. When the car breaks down and is taken to the service center for repairs, the mechanic doesn’t repair it right away. Instead, he asks you about the possible issues that you are facing in the car. This conversation helps him analyze the potential failure, and only then he starts with the repair process.
Similarly, as an automated tester, you must have explicit knowledge about the application you are working on. You should know the application structure. Additionally, you should also see the purpose for which you are developing and testing it. Some of the factors that you must be aware of are:
- Critical Bugs
You cannot perform a thorough test on the application if you aren’t aware of specific issues present in the application. For instance, you need to know about the bugs. Knowing those above will let you have a mindset about what you are looking for and trying to fix it.
- Browser Differences
Standard practices of Automation Testing include the testing of the application on major browsers. However, as a developer, you must be aware that your user might be using even the older version of any other base browser. You must think about these users if you want to have a fair share of the software industry. Thus, while performing Automation Testing, you have to take certain precautions to ensure that your web app remains operational on all the major browsers.
5. The ability to troubleshoot the automation tools
The Automation Testing tools are quite large and complex. Thus, the developers must know the tools before implementing it in the development project. It is a part of your Test Automation Strategy to be able to find errors in them. For instance, you might face errors in the script you are using for automation. Similarly, your tool might show a successful test when the application has fatal errors. These errors are known as false positives and false negatives in the Automation Testing industry.
These errors arise when the tester doesn’t have adequate knowledge about the testing tool. In most cases, he keeps on using pre-set templates for testing. So, if you want to become a successful tester, you must configure all the automation tool parameters. Additionally, you should have the ability to detect false positive and false harmful errors and take the appropriate steps.
In case you are leading the testing team, you must confirm that your Automation Testing tool is compatible with the architecture of the software you are developing. For instance, if you are using an incompatible testing tool, you will continue to get errors in the final test result.
6. Have an Experience with Business Management Tools
The primary motive to use the Automation Testing tool is to reduce the complexity in the testing process. It also ensures an overall faster delivery of the software. Thus, you must know the business management tools to unlock the automation test’s potential fully.
- These tools help you to store and sort your data quickly. By using Business management tools, you can keep all the errors from the Automation Testing result. Furthermore, it allows you to sort these issues according to their priority. The scalability feature will enable you to exchange this data with the other teams quickly. Thus, you can work in close coordination to fix all the errors.
- Business management tools help to track every step in the software development process. For instance, it allows the testers to report every part of the testing process. Thus, the team leader can track all the activities and act upon that. In simple words, this tool ensures that you lose no time and resources to track your testing procedure’s movements.
The above elements form the base of the Test Automation Strategy. You can use these tools to achieve a tight spot in your company and develop successful applications. Thus, we can conclude that if you combine these tips with passion and hard work, you can become one of the best Automation tool testers in the industry.